Transforming educational systems begins with the leaders in the field who hold keys to teachers, parents, and students. They also constitute the link between policy makers and education institutions. Conducting research to highlight their roles and needs and creating collaborative initiatives inspired by the research and evidence from the field will promote the reform movement in education.
For IIIT, examining the leadership and governance environments and decision-making processes of leaders in education systems are essential steps to improve governance at the local and regional levels which, of course, requires paying attention to the local contexts and values. Many leaders in Muslim societies do in fact highlight the importance of citizenship and positive values as part of their leadership strategies especially because many of these values come from the Quran and Sunnah where good counsel, sincere conduct, consultation, and seeking the common good (Brooks & Mutohar, 2018)